The Functional Movement Screen is a system used by Elite Health Services fitness and performance professionals to evaluate movement pattern quality in clients and athletes.
There are seven fundamental movement patterns that make up the FMS. The findings of the screen are utilized by the trainer or performance coach to help create a customized exercise program specifically designed to help the client/athlete avoid injuries while obtaining their related fitness goals.
The Deep Squat – The deep squat is a test that challenges total body mechanics when performed properly.It is used to assess bilateral, symmetrical and functional mobility of the hips, knees and ankles. The dowel held overhead assesses bilateral, symmetrical mobility of the shoulders as well as the thoracic spine.A number of things can hinder this movement including limited thoracic and shoulder mobility, limited dorsiflexion, or core weakness.
The hip, knees and foot should be aligned in the sagittal plane. The dowel should stay parallel to the ground and there should not be flexion or extension through out any part of the back. Limited hip mobility, and some stabilizers of the hips and a weak core may hinder ability to perform this test correctly.
Trunk Stability Push-Up – The trunk stability push-up tests the ability to stabilize the spine in an anterior and posterior plane during a closed-chain upper body movement. Lack of upper body and core strength are limiting factors with this movement.
Rotary Stability -This test is a complex movement requiring proper neuromuscular coordination and energy transfer from one segment of the body to another through the torso. The rotary stability test assesses multi-plane trunk stability during a combined upper and lower extremity motion. If the trunk does not have adequate stability during these activities, kinetic energy will be dispersed, leading to poor performance as well as increased potential for injury.