A muscle cramp is an involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax. There are many different types and causes for muscle cramps. The most common cause is overactive nerves caused by a variety of factors.
Injuries cause protective spasm to minimize the movement and stabilize the area of injury
Vigorous activity can use all the energy (ATP) and oxygen in muscles causing them to cramp
Resting cramps can occur at night for no reason (pointing toe in bed and getting cramp)
Dehydration can cause cramps due to unusual distribution of body fluids
Low calcium and magnesium causes the nerves to be overactive causing cramps
Low potassium can cause cramps but is usually associated with muscle weakness
Many medications such as diuretics can cause cramping
Deficiency in some B Vitamins can cause cramps
What can I do for muscle cramps?
Typically stretching the muscle is the most common solution to a muscle cramp
Massage or soft tissue manual therapy techniques can reduce spasm (come see us at EHS)
Rehydration with water and electrolytes can stop cramping if this is the cause (think Gatorade)
MDs may prescribe muscle relaxers or use Botox injections for severe cases
Heat can be applied to tense/tight muscles
Cold can be applied to achy/sore muscles
Call your doctor if your muscle cramps:
Do not go away with any of the above methods
Keep coming back
Last a long time
Elite Health Services
Our clients tell us there is no comparison between Elite and typical training facilities. Elite’s unique approach works in tandem with physical therapists and FMT, to provide exceptional results and quality movement.
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Founded in 2004, Elite Health Services, with locations in Old Greenwich, CT, is a world-class provider of certified Functional Manual Therapy™, personal training, pilates and running services. Elite Health Services has already helped thousands of your colleagues, friends and neighbors throughout Lower Fairfield County.